Amnesia
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Home Medications and Treatments for Amnesia

Anterograde amnesia is the inability to remember new facts.Amnesia refers to a partial or complete memory loss. Well temporary short-term memory loss is quite common. Everyone forgets a birthday, a name, or an important event, at some point in their life. However, this type of forgetfulness is different from amnesia, which refers to persistent and profound memory loss. Different types and degrees of amnesia can occur in old age or be caused by some mental disorders. Amnesia may be partial or complete and this depends on underlining cause.

Amnesia  is a Greek word which means forgetfulness or loss of memory.

Jump to - Symptoms, Causes , Treatment and Prevention

Symptoms of Amnesia

Some people lose only a part of their memory while other people may suffer from a total memory loss, but this is quite rare. The most common form of this disease is verbal amnesia, the patient forgets words or names. Similar to Alzheimer's disease, amnesia progresses gradually. Eventually patients forget their own identity and lose the ability to perform daily chores such as bathing, eating, dressing, drinking fluids and using the bathroom. People suffering form amnesia also feel confused in familiar surroundings.

Types of Amnesia

  • Retrograde amnesia: Retrograde amnesia is usually the result of a brain injury. Patients who suffer from retrograde amnesia are unable to recall events that have happened in the past from a few minutes to several years.

  • Anterograde amnesia: In someways this is the opposite of Retrograde amnesia. Following so sort of brain trauma, patients lose the ability to retain short-term memories. As a result, amnesiacs start forgetting events soon after their occurrence, this does not affect prior memories and patients can still remember events prior to the trauma. Excessive use of alcohol can cause brain trauma and result in anterograde amnesia.

  • Dissociative amnesia: People with dissociative amnesia are unable to recall important information, usually of a traumatic or stressful nature, about their lives. Dissociative amnesia is usually caused by some type of psychological trauma. The loss of memory is much more extensive than normal forgetting and is not caused by organic factors. Patients cope with traumatic incidents by dissociating themselves from painful events.

  • Childhood or infantile amnesia: This refers to a person's inability to recall events from early childhood. There are many theories on this, for example, Freud put it down to sexual repression. Others say it could be linked to language development or the fact that some areas of the brain linked to memory are not fully mature.

    Transient Global Amnesia:  The cause for transient global amnesia is unknown. Transient Global Amnesia occurs suddenly and typically lasts for less than 24 hours. An individual is unable to remember recent past information or new memories. It is most common in those who are over the age of 50.


Causes of Amnesia

Amnesia results in an abnormal loss of memory, usually caused by illness, brain injury, or emotional trauma. Amnesia is the impairment of brain cells. The area in our brain responsible for storing memories is called the hippocampus. Damage to the area of the hippocampus can cause a problem with learning new things and retaining them.

Treatment Of Amnesia

Top Home Remedies for Treatment of Amnesia

Cognitive therapies that enable amnesia patients to regain their lost skills are typically utilized when treating amnesia.  Natural remedies that can aid in improving memory and preventing further memory loss in amnesia patients are:

Ginkgo (Ginkgo biloba):
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Is probably the best herb for improving mental functioning. Derived from the leaves of an ancient tree that dates back to prehistoric times, ginkgo has been used for centuries in China to improve brain function. It contains flavonoid compounds called ginkgo heterosides and terpene lactones that have potent antioxidant properties, enhance circulation, and inhibit dangerous blood clots that can lead to brain-damaging strokes. Ginkgo has been proven in numerous studies to improve symptoms of mental decline related to impaired blood flow to the brain such as memory loss, mental confusion, and difficulties in concentrating. Ginkgo has even been shown to be beneficial in many cases of senile dementia, including the early stages of Alzheimer's disease. Take an extract of ginkgo standardized to contain 24 percent ginkgo hetero-sides (ginkgo flavone glycosides), 80 milligrams three times a day.

Siberian ginseng (Eleutherococcus senticosus):
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Is a tonic herb that helps the body to more easily adapt to physical, mental, and
emotional stressors. It strengthens and balances the nervous system and provides a mild energy boost that helps to improve mental focus. In several studies, people taking Siberian ginseng demonstrated marked improvement on cognitive function tests, including an increased ability to concentrate, quicker reaction time, and improved memory. Take an extract standardized for eleutherosides, 250 milligrams twice daily. Siberian ginseng is best used cyclically, taking the herb for two months followed by a two-week break before resuming the dosage. If you have high blood pressure, consult your doctor before taking any type of ginseng.

Gotu kola (Centella asiatica):
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Iis an Indian herb that is considered to be an important rejuvenative tonic in Ayurvedic medicine for
the brain and nerve cells. It has long been used in India as a brain tonic, where it is taken to increase intelligence and memory and to ward off senility. Because of its calming properties, gotu kola is believed to be one of the most spiritual of all herbs and is used to heighten awareness for meditation practices. Gotu kola is a pretty plant that is easily grown indoors. You can add several leaves to a salad daily, or take one-half teaspoon of extract in warm water three times a day.

Rosemary:
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The most remarkable remedy for loss of memory or forgetfulness is the use of the herb rosemary, botanically known as Romarinus officinalis. Rosemary has long been regarded as a herb for remembrance. In ancient times, the Greeks and the Romans prepared fragrant distilled water from the flowers of this plant and inhaled the odour so that "the evils were destroyed from the mind and the memory no longer played tricks." Rosemary is considered to be an antidote for mental fatigue and Forgetfulness. A tea made from this herb, taken once or twice a day, is a refreshing drink and an effective natural remedy for enhancing menial agility.

Almonds:
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Almonds are very valuable for restoring a poor memory caused by brain weakness. They contain unique properties to remove brain debility and to strengthen the brain. Almonds preserve the vitality of the brain and cure ailments originating from nervous disorders. Ten to twelve almonds should be immersed in water overnight and their outer skin removed. They should then be made into a fine paste and taken, mixed with one teaspoonful of butter or even alone. Inhaling ten to fifteen drops of almond oil through the nose, morning and evening, is also beneficial in the treatment of brain weakness.

Walnuts:
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Walnut is another unique dry fruit valuable in countering brain weakness. About twenty grams of walnuts should be taken every day. The value of walnuts is enhanced if they are taken with figs or raisins in a proportion of ten gram each, everyday.

Apples:
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Apples are useful in amnesia. The various chemical substances contained in this fruit such as vitamin B,, phosphorus, and potassium help in the synthesis of glutamic acid. This acid controls the wear and tear of nerve cells. Eating an apple a day with one tea-spoon of honey and one cup of milk is beneficial in the treatment of loss of memory and mental irritability. It acts as an effective nerve tonic and recharges the nerves with new energy and life.

Other Fruits:
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All fruits which are rich in phosphorus are valuable mitigations of amnesia, as they invigorate the brain cells and tissues. Apart from apples, almonds, and walnuts, which have been discussed earlier, other phosphorus-rich fruits are figs, grapes, oranges, and dates. Their intake is highly beneficial in loss of memory due to brain debility.

Black Pepper:
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Five seeds of finely ground black pepper, mixed with one teaspoon of honey are also beneficial in the treatment of this condition. This preparation should be taken both in the morning and evening.

If you simply want to preserve healthy mental functioning and are not suffering from memory loss, you can make your own herbal formula to use as a brain tonic. However, if you currently have noticeable memory loss or other symptoms of decreased cognitive functioning, it's best to take standardized extracts of ginkgo and Siberian ginseng.


Herbal Tonic for Loss of Memory
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1 ounce ginkgo liquid extract
1 ounce Siberian ginseng liquid extract
1/2 ounce gotu kola liquid extract
Combine extracts in a dark-glass bottle, and store in a cool, dark place.
Shake well before using, and take 1/2 teaspoon of extract in a small
amount of warm water 3 times a day.


Aroma Therapy for Loss of Memory

Transient mental fogginess can be caused by overthinking, overworking, and fatigue. Essential oils can help to clear the mind, relieve fatigue, and sharpen your mental' focus.

Rosemary and basil are two of the best essential oils for stimulating brain function. Place a drop or two of either one (or a combination of both) on a handkerchief and inhale the fragrance as needed, or make the following air freshener to spray into the air when you need a boost of mental clarity.


Lifestyle Suggestions for Improving Brain Function

The way you live on a daily basis has a great deal to do with how your brain functions today and how healthy your cognitive abilities will remain as you age. Make sure that you are getting enough sleep, because sufficient rest is necessary for your brain to function properly. Some of the primary symptoms of sleep deprivation are memory loss, difficulties concentrating, and impairment in cognitive abilities. If you have trouble sleeping, try taking a warm bath before bed with two cups of Epsom salts dissolved in the water; these are rich in magnesium and help to relax the body and the nervous system. Drinking a cup of chamomile or passionflower tea can also help to calm the mind and induce restful sleep. For more suggestions for treating insomnia, Click Here

As important as is proper rest, physical exercise is equally essential for healthy brain function. Aerobic exercise improves circulation, which increases the supply of oxygen and nutrients to your brain. Regular exercise also helps to prevent atherosclerosis, high blood pressure, and other degenerative diseases that contribute to impaired mental function.

A daily walk is an excellent way to alleviate emotional stress. Yoga is also effective for cultivating mental clarity. The deep, rhythmical breathing and gentle stretching of yoga help to calm the body and mind, increase circulation, and bring renewed energy to the brain by enhancing oxygenation of the brain cells. Breathing exercises have been used for centuries by yoga practitioners to cultivate increased mental clarity and focus.

Try the following yoga breathing exercise to refresh your mind. In this exercise, the exhalation is forceful, sharp, and quick, while the inhalation is spontaneous, fluid, and easy.

Diet for Memory Loss:

1. Maintain a healthy diet. This includes using fresh, unprocessed foods as close to the natural state as possible. Eat daily servings of leafy green vegetables, whole grains, fresh fruits, and proteins with a minimum of animal fat. Keep your intake of sugar foods and refined carbohydrates (such as white bread and white rice) to a minimum. For more information, refer to the article on healthy diet.

2. Eliminate alcohol, smoking, and drug use.

Other effective Remedies for Asthma

ENERGIZING BREATH

Sit in a comfortable position with your spine straight and your shoulders relaxed.

Inhale and exhale slowly and deeply a few times through your nose to relax your body and mind and to establish a comfort able breathing rhythm. As you inhale, gently expand yout abdomen, and as you exhale, gently contract your abdomen.

Exhale forcefully through your nose, at the same time drawing your abdominal muscles in toward your spine. Focus on expelling as much stale air from your lungs as possible during the exhalation.

Allow your inhalation to occur naturally by simply relaxing your abdomen immediately following the powerful exhalation.

Repeat in a steady rhythm for as long as you are comfortably able for up to one minute.


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