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Home Medications and Treatments for Diabetes

Diabetes is a life-long disease of high blood sugar caused by too little insulin, resistance to insulin, or both.  This causes excess sugar to spill into the blood and urine. Diabetes is common among older, obese people. Diabetes is a chronic disease,  it can only be controlled but not cured completely. There are three major types of diabetes: 

  • Type 1 diabetes: The body fails to produce insulin.
  • Type 2 diabetes: The body fails to properly use insulin. This abnormality is also known as insulin resistance. This is the most common type of diabetes.
  • Gestational diabetes: Gestational Diabetes is generally the result of a pregnancy.

Jump to - Symptoms, Causes , Treatment, Other suggestions

 Symptoms of Diabetes

Major symptoms of diabetes are increased thirst, frequent urination, intense hunger pangs, weight loss, tiredness, blurry vision, frequent infections, and slow-healing wounds. If not controlled properly at the right time, it may cause Gangrene of the feet and hands, End-Stage Renal Disease (ESRD),  require amputation, and cardiovascular problems.

A diabetic feels hungry and thirsty most of the time, may not put on weight, and gets tired easily, both physically and mentally.

Causes of Diabetes

Heredity:  If you have a parent or a sibling who has diabetes, you are more likely to develop this condition.

Stress:  Grief, worry, and anxiety also have an influence on the metabolism and may cause sugar to appear in the urine.

Age: Type 1 diabetes is also known as juvenile or insulin-dependent diabetes, there is  little or almost nil production of insulin in the body  The risk of developing type 2 diabetes increases as people get older, especially after the age of 40 because as people age, they tend to be less physically active, lose muscle mass, and gain weight.

Obesity: Type 2 diabetes, also known as adult-onset is increasing because of the rising obesity in the population.  Diabetes has been described as a prosperity disease, primarily caused by overeating and consequent obesity.

Sedentary lifestyle: Limited or no physical activity is also a risk factor of developing diabetes.

Race: Diabetes is more common among Latinos, African-Americans, Native Americans, Asian-Americans, and Pacific Islanders.

Treatment Of Diabetes

Diabetes treatment using Bitter Gourd:
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Among the several home remedies that have proved beneficial in controlling diabetes, perhaps the most important is the use of bitter gourd. It has lately been established that bitter gourd contains a hypoglycaemic or insulin-like principle, designated as 'plantinsulin', which has been found valuable in lowering the blood and urine sugar levels. It should, therefore, be included liberally in the diet of the diabetic. For better results, the diabetic should take the juice of about four or five karelas every morning on an empty stomach. The seeds can be added to food in a powdered form. Diabetics can also use bitter gourd in the form of a decoction by boiling the pieces in water or in the form of dry powder.

Diabetes treatment using Indian Gooseberry:
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Indian gooseberry, with its high vitamin C content, is considered valuable in diabetes. A tablespoon of its juice, mixed with a cup of bitter gourd juice, taken daily for two months, will stimulate the islets of Langerhans, that is, the isolated group of cells that secrete the hormone insulin in the pancreas. This mixture reduces the blood sugar in diabetes.

Diabetes treatment using Jambul Fruit:
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Jambul fruit is another effective home remedy. It is regarded in traditional medicine as a specific against diabetes because of its effect on the pancreas. The fruit as such, the seeds, and fruit juice are all useful in the treatment of this disease. The seeds contain a glucoside 'jamboline' which is believed to have the power to check the pathological conversion of starch into sugar in cases of increased production of glucose. The seeds should be dried and powdered. One teaspoon of this powder should be mixed in one cup of milk or water or half a cup of curd, and taken twice daily. The inner bark of the jambul tree is also used in the treatment of diabetes. The bark is dried and burnt. It will produce an ash of white colour. This ash should be pestled in mortar, strained and bottled. The diabetic patient should be given ten grams of this ash on an empty stomach with water in the morning, and twenty grams in the afternoon, and in the evening an hour after taking meals. An equal quantity of amla powder, jamun powder, and bitter gourd powder also makes a very useful remedy for diabetes. A teaspoon of this mixture once or twice a day would be effective in checking the progress of the disease.

Diabetes treatment using Grapefruit:
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Grapefruit is a splendid food in the diet of a diabetic patient. If grapefruits were eaten more liberally, there would be much less diabetes. If you have sugar, use three grapefruits three times a day. If you do not have sugar, but a tendency towards it and want to prevent it, use three a day.

Diabetes treatment using Fenugreek:
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The seeds of fenugreek have been found effective in the treatment of diabetes. Fenugreek seeds, when given in varying doses of 25 gm to 100 gm daily, diminish reactive hyperglycaemia in diabetic patients. Levels of glucose, serum cholesterol, and triglycerides were also significantly reduced in the diabetes patients when the seeds were consumed.

Diabetes treatment using Bengal Gram:
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Experiments have shown that the intake of water extract of Bengal gram enhances the utilization of glucose in both diabetic and normal persons. When kept on a diet which included liberal supplements of Bengal gram extract, the condition of tile patient improved considerably and his insulin requirement was reduced to about twenty units per day. Diabetes patients who are on a prescribed diet which does not severely restrict the intake of carbohydrates, but includes liberal amounts of Bengal gram extract, have shown considerable improvement in their fasting blood sugar levels, glucose tolerance, urinary excretion of sugar, and general condition.

Diabetes treatment using Black Gram:
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For a milder type of diabetes, two tablespoons of germinated black gram, taken with half a cup of fresh bitter gourd juice and a teaspoon of honey, is said to be useful. It should be taken once daily for three to four months. A restriction should be placed on the intake of carbohydrates. Even in severe cases, regular use of this combination, with other precautions, is useful as a health-giving food for the prevention of various complications that may arise due to malnutrition in diabetics.

Diabetes treatment using Mango Leaves:
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The tender leaves of the mango tree are considered useful in diabetes. An infusion is prepared by soaking 15 gm of fresh leaves in 250 ml of water overnight, and squeezing them well in the water in the morning. This filtrate should be taken every morning to control early diabetes. As an alternative, the leaves should be dried in the shade, powdered and preserved for use when necessary. Half a teaspoon of this powder should be taken twice a day.

Diabetes treatment using Parslane:
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The seeds of parslane are useful in diabetes. A teaspoon of the seeds should be taken every day with half a cup of water for three to four months. It will increase the body's own insulin and help in curing diabetes.

Diabetes treatment using Other Foods:
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Besides bitter gourd, certain other vegetables have been found useful in diabetes. These include string beans, cucumber, onion, and garlic. Tea made of the pods of string beans is valuable in diabetes.

Dietaries for Diabetes

1. An overall healthy diet – Use fresh foods as close to the natural state as possible, avoiding prepackaged and processed foods. Eat daily servings of leafy green vegetables, moderate amounts of whole grains (such as brown rice and rolled oats), fresh fruit, and proteins with a minimum of animal fat. Drink at least 8 cups of fluids daily.

2. Avoid sugar foods such as candy, cake, cookies, and soda pop; sweeteners, including honey, maple syrup, corn syrup and molasses; and refined carbohydrates such as white flour and white rice. Fruit juices need to be avoided as well.

3. Eliminate the consumption of alcohol because of its high sugar content.

4. Eliminate or greatly reduce animal products in the diet. This includes meat, organ foods such as liver, and eggs, cheese, milk, sour cream, and other dairy products. Replace red meat with fish and chicken as much as possible, and add more beans, nuts, and seeds to your diet.

5. Eat plenty of fiber, consuming at least 3 of the following foods daily: 1 bowl of salad, 1 cup cooked leafy green vegetables, 1 apple, or 1 tablespoon of wheat or oat bran. High fiber helps balance blood sugar levels and helps eliminate fats from the body.

6. Guar gum or pectin supplement – 1 tablespoon at night before bedtime, mixed with 1 cup of water.

7. Eliminate fried foods in the diet. Switch instead to steaming and baking.

8. Reduce the use of fats such as butter, margarine, vegetable oils, and mayonnaise. Nuts and nut butters also have a high fat content and need to be limited, since fats block the action of insulin in the blood.

9. Eat fish rich in essential fatty acids such as mackerel, herring, and salmon twice per week.

10. Onions, garlic, and fenugreek are recommended for their ability to help lower blood sugar levels. Include them – raw as well as cooked – in your diet as often as possible. Garlic extracts may also be used in a capsule form – 2 with each meal.

11. Weight control should be practiced with a focus on proper nutrition.

Other effective Remedies for Diabetes

Exercise, jogging, swimming

Exercise is also an important factor in the treatment of diabetes. Light games ,jogging and swimming are recommended.
Yogic asanas

Yogic asanas such as bhujangasana, halasana, shalabhasana, dhanurasana, paschimottanasana, sarvangasana, and shavasana will be beneficial.

Got a question ask it on the Diabetes Forum or share your knowledge and experience with others.