Home Medications and Treatments for Sinusitis
Sinusitis is an inflammation of the sinuses due to viral and bacterial infections or allergic reactions. The forehead or cheeks may be tender and swollen. It often follows a common cold, influenza, and other general infections. Infecting germs sometimes find their way into these sinuses or chamber on either side of the nasal passage, leading to sinus trouble.If a fever of 102 degrees Fahrenheit or more persists for more than 2 days or if there is constant, bloody discharge or numbness, see your physician.
Signs and symptoms of sinus infections depend upon which sinuses are affected and whether the sinus infection is acute (which does not last for more than four weeks) or chronic (long-lasting and recurring). Common symptoms of acute Sinusitis are headache, facial pain, fever, fatigue, runny nose, sneezing, nasal discharge, nasal obstruction, occasional cough and sore throat.
Sinus Infection Causes Acute sinusitis usually follows a viral infection in the upper respiratory tract, but allergens (allergy-causing substances) or pollutants may also trigger acute sinusitis. A viral infection causes damage to the cells of the sinus lining. This damage leads to inflammation. The lining thickens with fluid that obstructs the nasal passage. This passage connects to the sinuses. The obstruction disrupts the process that removes bacteria normally present in the nasal passages, and the bacteria begin to multiply and invade the lining of the sinus. This causes sinus infection symptoms. Common causes of Sinusitis are asthma and allergies caused by dust, pollen, smoke, air pollutants and other such factors.
The liberal use of mangoes during the season is considered an effective remedy for prevention and treatment of sinusitis. Mangoes contribute towards formation of healthy epithelium, thereby preventing frequent attacks of common infections like sinusitis. This is attributable to a high concentration of vitamin A in the fruit.
Garlic and Onion:
The use of pungent foods like garlic and onion is one of the most effective remedies for sinus problems. One should begin with small milk doses and increase them gradually. Beneficial results can also be achieved by adding these herbs in moderate amounts to regular meals.
The seeds of fenugreek are another effective remedy for sinusitis. A tea prepared by boiling one teaspoon of seeds in 250 ml of water till it is reduced to half, will help the body to produce perspiration, dispel toxicity, and shorten the period of fever in the acute stage of the disease. Upto four cups should be taken daily. The quantity should be reduced as the condition improves.
A teaspoon of black cumin seeds tied in thin cotton cloth can provide relief when inhaled. The condition can also be relieved by taking a mixture of 100 gm of roasted and ground cumin seeds and 200 gm of pure honey.
Carrot juice, taken separately or in combination with juices of beet and cucumber, or with spinach juice, has been found beneficial in the treatment of sinus trouble. In the case of combined juices, 100 ml each of beet and cucumber juices, or 200 ml of spinach juice, should be mixed with 300 ml of carrot juice to make 500 ml or half a liter of the mixed juice.
Vitamins A and C:
A diet rich in vitamin A is the best insurance against cold and sinus trouble. Vitamin A is the `membrane conditioner' and it helps build healthy mucous membranes in the nose and throat. Some of the valuable sources of this vitamin are whole milk, curds, egg yolk, pumpkin, carrots, leafy vegetables, tomatoes, mangoes, and papaya. When the sinus trouble has already developed, relief can be obtained by taking vitamin A in large therapeutic doses of 25,000 IU per day. Vitamin C has also proved beneficial in the treatment of sinusitis and the patient should take one gram of this vitamin per day in two therapeutic doses of 500 mg each.
• Stop all milk and milk products – They aggravate the problem by producing more mucus.
• Another consideration is food allergies. Certain foods seem to be more likely to cause sinusitis. Eliminating these foods from the diet is a good way to determine if one or several of them are responsible. The main problem foods are dairy products (including milk, cheese, ice cream), eggs, wheat, corn, and sugar.
After eliminating all of those foods from the diet, and the symptoms have gone away, one food at a time can be reintroduced to see if the symptoms reoccur. A new food would be introduced each week.
A cold application over the sinus will give great relief, while alternate hot and cold applications also prove beneficial. Take pans of hot and cold water, bathe the whole face with water-as hot as you can bear-and then apply cold water for a short duration. Nasal inhalation of steam for five minutes every hour will also give relief. Plenty of sleep, adequate rest, and fresh air are essential in the treatment of sinus trouble. Patients should avoid the use of perfumes and strongly scented hair oil.